A pandemic is a worldwide spread of a disease. This is a higher order of magnitude than an epidemic. In other words
• an outbreak is the occurrence of disease cases in excess of what's normally expected
• an epidemic is more than a normal number of cases of an illness, specific health-related behavior or other health-related events in a community or region
• a pandemic occurs on a wider scale than an epidemic, and immunity does not exist

Pandemic Plan

A pandemic plan is a documented strategy for how an organization plans to provide essential services when there is a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease. Pandemic plans should be sufficiently flexible to effectively address a wide range of possible effects that could result from a pandemic.

Peer Review

A review of a specific component of a plan by personnel (other than the owner or author) with appropriate technical or business knowledge for accuracy and completeness.


A measurable outcome

Performance Evaluation

A process of determining measurable results.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Personal protective equipment, commonly referred to as “PPE”, is equipment worn to minimize exposure to hazards with the potential to cause serious workplace injuries and illnesses. These injuries and illnesses may result from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other hazards. PPE may include items such as face masks or coverings, face shields, gloves, safety glasses and shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, respirators, or coveralls, vests and full body suits.

If PPE is to be used, a PPE program should be implemented. This program should address the hazards present, the selection, the maintenance, and use of PPE, the training of employees, and monitoring of the program to ensure its ongoing effectiveness.

Plan Maintenance

The management process of keeping an organization's business continuity management plans up to date and effective.


The intentions and direction of an organization as formally expressed by its Top Management.

Policy & Program Management

The Professional Practice that defines the organizational policy relating to business continuity and how that policy will be implemented, controlled and validated through a BCM program.

Post Incident Acquisition

A continuity and recovery strategy where resources are provided following an incident at short notice.