The Economic Impact of Small Businesses

Small businesses should be celebrated for their ability to foster innovation, create jobs, and stimulate local economies. However, their role extends beyond mere economic contributions; they are also fundamental to community stability and, by extension, national security. This article explores how small businesses enhance community resilience and stability, contributing significantly to national security.


National security is traditionally viewed through the lens of military strength and geopolitical strategies. However, the stability and resilience of local communities are equally crucial to maintaining national security. Stable communities with robust economies are less vulnerable to external threats and internal unrest. This article delves into the pivotal role small businesses play in ensuring community stability, economic vitality, and, by extension, national security.

Economic Vitality and Job Creation

Small businesses are the backbone of local economies. They provide employment opportunities, support community services, and keep money circulating within local economies. According to the U.S. Small Business Administration, small businesses employ nearly half of the private workforce in the U.S. and generate 44% of economic activity. This economic vitality is crucial for community stability, as it reduces dependency on external resources and promotes self-sufficiency. For example, in towns like Boulder, Colo., local small businesses have driven economic growth, created jobs, and fostered a resilient local economy.

Stable communities with thriving small businesses are less susceptible to economic shocks. When a community has a robust network of small businesses, it can better withstand economic downturns and recover more quickly from disasters. This resilience is critical for national security because stable communities are less likely to experience social unrest and economic vulnerabilities which can be exploited by adversaries. Economically stable communities contribute to overall societal stability, which is a cornerstone of national security.

Resilience and Adaptability

Small businesses are significant job creators. They not only provide employment but also offer opportunities for skill development and career advancement. This is particularly important in rural and underserved urban areas where large corporations may not exist. By providing local employment, small businesses reduce the need for community members to seek work elsewhere, thereby retaining talent and fostering community cohesion. For instance, small businesses in rural Iowa have been pivotal in sustaining population levels and economic activity in otherwise declining areas.

Small businesses often invest back into their communities. They support local schools, sponsor community events, and contribute to local charities. These investments enhance the quality of life and create a sense of community solidarity. This local investment fosters social capital, which strengthens community bonds and enhances collective resilience. In Detroit, Mich., local entrepreneurs have played a crucial role in the city’s revitalization efforts, contributing to both economic recovery and social cohesion.

Resilience is the capacity of a community to withstand and recover from adverse situations. Small businesses play a vital role in enhancing community resilience through their adaptability and innovation. They can quickly pivot their operations to meet new demands or respond to crises. For instance, during the COVID-19 pandemic, small businesses adapted by shifting to online sales or repurposing their production lines to create personal protective equipment. This adaptability is crucial for national security because resilient communities are better equipped to manage disruptions, whether they are economic, environmental, or social. Resilient communities can support their functionality and recover more rapidly from crises, reducing the overall impact on national stability. A study by Community Development Journal highlights communities with a high density of small businesses proved greater resilience during economic downturns, underscoring the importance of these enterprises in maintaining national stability.

Supply Chain Security and Local Investment

Communities that rely on a diverse array of small businesses are less vulnerable to supply chain disruptions. Unlike large corporations with centralized supply chains, small businesses often source their materials locally or regionally. This localization reduces dependency on distant suppliers and enhances supply chain security. In times of crisis, such as natural disasters or geopolitical tensions, this decentralized approach can ensure continuity of goods and services, which is vital for community stability and national security. For example, during the global supply chain disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, local businesses were able to maintain operations by relying on local suppliers, thereby ensuring community access to essential goods.

Small businesses contribute to the local knowledge and cultural fabric, which can be critical in times of crisis. They have an intrinsic understanding of their communities’ needs and can provide tailored responses during emergencies. This localized knowledge and the ability to mobilize resources quickly enhance community preparedness and response capabilities. For instance, during Hurricane Katrina, local businesses in New Orleans were instrumental in the initial recovery efforts, using their local networks and resources to provide immediate aid.

Small businesses are not just economic entities; they are integral parts of the social fabric. They often function as community hubs where people gather, share information, and build relationships. This civic engagement fosters a sense of ownership and responsibility among community members, which is essential for community stability. Engaged communities are more likely to participate in local governance, volunteer for community projects, and support each other during crises. This civic engagement strengthens social cohesion and creates a more resilient society. Social capital – networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society – facilitates cooperation for mutual benefit and is critical for societal stability.

The Global Impact

The impact of small businesses extends far beyond the U.S. In developing economies, they play a vital role in fostering stability. Take Kibera, a large settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. There, a dense network of small businesses provides essential services and employment opportunities. This reduces crime and strengthens social cohesion. Similarly, microfinance programs in Bangladesh empowered women to start businesses, boosting household income and creating a greater sense of security within communities.

Looking at developed nations, we see a similar story. In Canada, small businesses make up more than 98% of all businesses and employ a staggering 90% of the private sector workforce. This dense network fosters a high degree of local ownership and economic self-reliance, contributing significantly to national stability. Ireland offers another example of small businesses’ power in national resilience. After the economic crisis of 2008, the country saw a surge in small business creation, particularly in tech. These new businesses provided crucial jobs and fueled the nation’s economic recovery.

Even in economies dominated by large corporations, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play a significant role. In China, for instance, SMEs are a major driver of economic growth and social development. They employ a vast majority of the urban workforce and contribute to regional development, promoting stability in a rapidly urbanizing nation. Japan provides a unique case. Here, small “mom-and-pop” shops and traditional manufacturers are deeply woven into the social fabric. These businesses not only provide essential services but also preserve cultural heritage and traditional skills, fostering a strong sense of community identity.

Government Support Helps Foster Stability

Small businesses are the backbone of communities around the world, fostering stability and security. Yet, struggle to access the capital needed to thrive. Governments can play a vital role by providing loan guarantees or establishing microfinance initiatives, unlocking the financial resources that pave the way for business expansion and job creation. For instance, the Small Business Administration’s loan programs in the U.S. have been instrumental in supporting small businesses during economic downturns.

Financial resources are just one piece of the puzzle. In today’s dynamic environment, a skilled workforce is essential. Governments can invest in training programs that equip both small business owners and their employees with the necessary skills to navigate the complexities of the modern marketplace. This not only benefits small businesses but fosters a more skilled and adaptable national workforce. For example, Germany’s vocational training programs have successfully integrated small businesses into their model, providing a steady stream of skilled workers to the economy.

Finally, complex regulations and bureaucratic processes can stifle the growth of small businesses. Governments can take steps to streamline regulations and simplify procedures, freeing up valuable time and resources for these businesses to focus on innovation, job creation, and serving their communities. By empowering small businesses through financial support, skills development, and reduced bureaucracy, governments can create an environment that strengthens communities, fosters national resilience, and contributes to a more secure and stable world.


From developing economies to established nations, small businesses play a crucial role in creating stability and fostering a sense of community. They provide jobs, essential services, and a vital link to a nation’s cultural heritage. Small businesses are essential to community stability and national security. They create jobs, invest in local communities, enhance resilience, reduce vulnerabilities, and foster civic engagement. By supporting small businesses, policymakers can strengthen the economic and social fabric of communities, making them more resilient to crises and contributing to national security. Recognizing and bolstering the role of small businesses is not just an economic imperative but a strategic one for the stability and security of the nation.


Tiffany Fell

Tiffany Fell is a seasoned professional with more than 18 years of experience in economic and community development. Hailing from Manitoba, Fell holds a bachelor’s degree in business administration with an MBA in global leadership, providing her with a robust foundation in organizational management and strategic planning. Currently pursuing a Ph.D. in communications, she is dedicated to leveraging effective communication strategies for community development and social impact. In her role as a city manager in Clarksburg, W.V., Fell channels her extensive expertise to drive positive change in various communities. She is committed to fostering economic growth, promoting sustainable practices, and enhancing resident well-being. Through her leadership, Fell spearheads innovative initiatives that attract new businesses and revitalize communities, ensuring they remain vibrant and thriving places to live and work. Her strategic vision and dedication continue to make significant contributions to the economic and social fabric of the regions she serves.

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