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Volume 32, Issue 4

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Glossary of terms used on this site

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UPDATED: September 2019
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Critical Activities
Those activities which have to be performed to deliver the key products and services and which enable an organization to meet the most important and time-sensitive objectives.
Critical Business Functions (CBF)

The essential operational and/or business support functions that could not be interrupted or unavailable for more than a mandated or predetermined timeframe without significantly jeopardizing the organization.

Vital functions without which an organization will either not survive or will lose the capability to effectively achieve its critical objectives.

Critical Component Failure Analysis
A review of the components involved in delivery of an enterprise wide process and an assessment of the relationship dependencies and impact of failure of one component.
Critical Data Point
-The point in time to which data must be restored and synchronized to achieve a Maximum Acceptable Outage.
Critical Infrastructure

Physical assets (e.g., electrical power, telecommunications, water, gas and transportation) whose disruption or destruction would have a debilitating impact on the economic and/or physical security of an entity (e.g., organization, community, nation).

Critical Staff

Staff members whose skills, knowledge and/or involvement are necessary to recover essential business function.

Critical Success Factors (CSF)
A management technique developed in 1970?s but still popular, in which an organization identifies a limited number of activities it has to get correct to achieve its primary missions.
Critical Supplier

Looking back in the logistical process (upstream) of a product or service, any supplier that could cause a disruption or outage to the organization’s essential functions as documented in the BIA.

Damage Assessment
An appraisal of the effects of the disaster or incident on human, physical, economic and operational capabilities.
Data Backup Strategies
Data backup strategies will determine the technologies, media and offsite storage of the backups necessary to meet an organization?s data recovery and restoration objectives.
Data Backups
The copying of production files to media that can be stored both on and/or offsite and can be used to restore corrupted or lost data or to recover entire systems and databases in the event of a disaster.
Data Center Recovery
The component of disaster recovery which deals with the restoration of data center services and computer processing capabilities at an alternate location and the migration back to the production site.
Data Mirroring
The act of copying data from one location to a storage device at another location in or near real time.
Data Protection
Statutory requirements to manage personal data in a manner that does not threaten or disadvantage the person to whom it refers.
Data Recovery
The restoration of computer files from backup media to restore programs and production data to the state that existed at the time of the last safe backup.